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Commonly Used CPT Codes in Physical Therapy: A Guide for Physical Therapists

Commonly Used CPT Codes in Physical Therapy: A Guide for Physical Therapists

CPT codes for physical therapy play a pivotal role in the billing and documentation process. These alphanumeric codes, specifically designed for various therapeutic procedures, aid in accurately categorizing and recording the services provided by physical therapists. Whether it’s assessing mobility, implementing therapeutic exercises, or conducting evaluations, having a clear understanding of the CPT code for physical therapy ensures seamless communication between healthcare professionals and insurance providers. 

This blog aims to explore the commonly used CPT codes for physical therapy, empowering therapists with the knowledge needed to navigate the coding landscape effectively.

What are CPT Codes

CPT, or Current Procedural Terminology, codes serve as a standardized system for documenting and billing medical procedures and services. In the context of physical therapy, these codes are essential in accurately representing the range of therapeutic interventions provided by physical therapists. 

Each CPT code corresponds to a specific medical service, enabling healthcare professionals to communicate uniformly across the industry. These codes are integral in the billing process, aiding in the reimbursement of services and facilitating a comprehensive record of patient care.

Difference between CPT Codes and ICD-10

Understanding the distinction between CPT codes and ICD-10 codes is crucial for healthcare professionals. While CPT codes focus on detailing the procedures and services rendered, ICD-10 codes (International Classification of Diseases, 10th Edition) are designed to categorize diagnoses. 

In simpler terms, CPT codes describe what the healthcare provider does during a patient’s visit, such as a physical therapy session, while ICD-10 codes articulate why the service is necessary, providing information on the patient’s condition or diagnosis. Both code sets work hand in hand to create a comprehensive picture of a patient’s healthcare encounter, aiding in effective communication and streamlined billing processes.

Commonly Used CPT Codes in Physical Therapy

In physical therapy billing and documentation, it’s imperative to be well-versed in the PT CPT code system. Physical therapists routinely employ a variety of procedures, each identified by a specific CPT code for PT. From therapeutic exercises to evaluations, understanding the nuances of CPT codes for physical therapy evaluation is key to accurately representing the spectrum of services provided and ensuring a seamless reimbursement process.

Following are some common CPT Codes for Physical Therapy:

97162 CPT Code: Neuromuscular Reeducation

The 97162 CPT code is specifically assigned to neuromuscular reeducation, a therapeutic technique aiming to restore or enhance coordination, balance, posture, and proprioception. This code is applicable when a physical therapist employs various exercises and activities to address impairments related to the patient’s neuromuscular system, facilitating improved motor control.

  • Involves targeted exercises for coordination enhancement.
  • Focuses on improving balance and posture.
  • Aims to enhance proprioception – the sense of body position in space.
  • Tailored interventions to address neuromuscular impairments.

97530 CPT Code: Therapeutic Activities

The 97530 CPT code is dedicated to therapeutic activities provided by physical therapists. This code encompasses a range of dynamic activities and exercises designed to improve functional performance, enhance strength, and promote flexibility in patients undergoing physical therapy.

  • Includes a variety of dynamic exercises tailored to patient needs.
  • Targets functional improvement in day-to-day activities.
  • Aims to enhance strength, flexibility, and overall mobility.
  • Versatile code covering a spectrum of therapeutic activities.

97164 CPT Code: Re-Evaluation of Physical Therapy

The 97164 CPT code is utilized for the re-evaluation of a patient’s progress during a course of physical therapy. This code is applicable when a physical therapist reviews and assesses the patient’s response to treatment, making necessary adjustments to the therapy plan based on the observed outcomes.

  • Involves a thorough assessment of the patient’s progress.
  • Allows for modifications to the existing therapy plan.
  • Essential for tracking and optimizing treatment effectiveness.
  • Facilitates personalized adjustments to enhance patient outcomes.

97140 CPT Code: Manual Therapy Techniques

The 97140 CPT code pertains to manual therapy techniques, encompassing hands-on interventions performed by a physical therapist. This code is utilized when therapists apply skilled hand movements to mobilize, manipulate, or massage soft tissues and joints, aiming to alleviate pain and improve mobility.

  • Involves skilled manual techniques for soft tissue and joint mobilization.
  • Focuses on reducing pain and enhancing joint flexibility.
  • Hands-on approach to address musculoskeletal issues.
  • Customized manual therapy interventions for individual patient needs.

97110 CPT Code: Therapeutic Exercise

The 97110 CPT code is assigned to therapeutic exercise interventions conducted by physical therapists. This code covers a range of exercises designed to improve strength, endurance, flexibility, and overall functional capacity in patients undergoing physical therapy.

  • Targets specific therapeutic exercises tailored to patient needs.
  • Aims to enhance strength, endurance, and flexibility.
  • Focuses on improving overall functional capacity.
  • Versatile code covering a spectrum of therapeutic exercises.

97035 CPT Code: Ultrasound Therapy

The 97035 CPT code is dedicated to ultrasound therapy, a modality commonly used in physical therapy. This code is applied when a physical therapist utilizes ultrasound waves to stimulate and promote healing in soft tissues, aiding in the management of pain and inflammation.

  • Involves the use of ultrasound waves for therapeutic purposes.
  • Aimed at stimulating healing in soft tissues.
  • Effective in managing pain and reducing inflammation.
  • Non-invasive modality commonly used in physical therapy.

97150 CPT Code: Group Therapeutic Procedures

The 97150 CPT code is assigned to group therapeutic procedures in physical therapy settings. This code is utilized when a physical therapist conducts therapeutic activities or exercises simultaneously with multiple patients in a group setting, promoting peer support and interaction.

  • Involves therapeutic activities conducted in a group setting.
  • Fosters peer support and interaction among patients.
  • Addresses individual needs within a communal therapy environment.
  • Efficient use of therapeutic time with multiple patients.

97535 CPT Code: Self-Care/Home Management Training

The 97535 CPT code is dedicated to self-care and home management training provided by physical therapists. This code is applied when therapists educate and train patients on activities essential for daily living, promoting independence and enhancing the patient’s ability to manage their condition at home.

  • Focuses on educating patients in self-care and home management.
  • Aims to enhance independence in daily activities.
  • Addresses activities crucial for daily living.
  • Empower patients to manage their condition effectively at home.

97112 CPT Code: Neuromuscular Re-Education

The 97112 CPT code is dedicated to neuromuscular re-education, a therapeutic technique employed by physical therapists to address and improve deficits in movement control and coordination. This code covers interventions aimed at enhancing the patient’s ability to perform specific motor tasks, promoting neuromuscular function and overall movement quality.

  • Targets deficits in movement control and coordination.
  • Focuses on improving specific motor tasks.
  • Enhances neuromuscular function and movement quality.
  • Customized interventions to address individual patient needs.

97116 CPT Code: Gait Training Therapy

Gait training is a crucial aspect of physical therapy, and the 97116 CPT code is assigned when physical therapists engage in activities specifically designed to improve a patient’s walking ability. This includes exercises and interventions to enhance balance, coordination, and overall mobility during walking.

  • Concentrates on improving a patient’s walking ability.
  • Involves exercises to enhance balance and coordination.
  • Addresses mobility challenges related to walking.
  • Tailored interventions to improve overall gait function.

97124 CPT Code: Massage Therapy

Massage therapy plays a significant role in physical therapy, and the 97124 CPT code is utilized when a physical therapist incorporates manual manipulation of soft tissues to promote healing, reduce muscle tension, and alleviate pain.

  • Involves manual manipulation of soft tissues for therapeutic purposes.
  • Promotes healing and reduces muscle tension.
  • Addresses pain through skilled massage techniques.
  • Customized approaches to cater to individual patient needs.

97139 CPT Code: Unlisted Therapeutic Procedure

The 97139 CPT code comes into play when a therapeutic procedure performed by a physical therapist doesn’t have a specific, defined code. This code is designated for situations where the therapy provided doesn’t align with existing, more specific CPT codes, allowing for flexibility in billing for unique or uncommon interventions.

  • Applicable for therapeutic procedures without a specific code.
  • Offers flexibility for unique or less common interventions.
  • Useful when standard codes don’t precisely describe the therapy provided.
  • Allows for accurate representation of diverse therapeutic approaches.

97010 CPT Code: Hot/Cold Packs Therapy

The 97010 CPT code is assigned to hot and cold packs therapy, a common modality in physical therapy. This code is utilized when physical therapists apply temperature-based interventions, such as hot or cold packs, to alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, and enhance the healing process.

  • Involves the application of hot or cold packs for therapeutic purposes.
  • Aids in pain relief and reduction of inflammation.
  • The common modality used for various musculoskeletal conditions.
  • Supports the healing process through temperature-based interventions.

Less Common Physical Therapy CPT Codes

While many physical therapy sessions are coded using common procedures, there exist some less frequently encountered CPT codes that cater to unique interventions. Exploring these less common codes sheds light on the diverse approaches physical therapists employ to address specific patient needs. Below, are a few of these less common CPT codes, highlighting their applications in the realm of physical therapy.

97750 CPT Code: Physical Performance Test/Measurement

  • Involves comprehensive assessments to measure a patient’s physical capabilities.
  • Evaluates factors such as strength, endurance, and overall functional performance.
  • Useful for tailoring interventions to address specific areas of improvement.

97542 CPT Code: Wheelchair Management Training

  • Focuses on training patients in the proper use and management of wheelchairs.
  • Addresses mobility challenges and promotes independence in wheelchair navigation.
  • Essential for enhancing the quality of life for individuals reliant on wheelchair mobility.

97760 CPT Code: Orthotic Management and Training

  • Encompasses the evaluation, design, and fitting of orthotic devices for patients.
  • Includes training on the use and maintenance of orthotic devices.
  • Aims to optimize the benefits of orthotic interventions for improved functionality.

97755 CPT Code: Assistive Technology Assessment

  • Involves the evaluation and recommendation of assistive technologies for patients.
  • Focuses on enhancing independence and functionality through technological aids.
  • Tailored assessments to identify suitable assistive devices for individual needs.

97799 CPT Code: Unlisted Physical Medicine/Rehabilitation Service

  • Designated for unique or experimental interventions lacking a specific code.
  • Allows flexibility in coding for less common therapeutic procedures.
  • Ideal for accurately representing innovative approaches in physical therapy.

These less common CPT codes exemplify the versatility and adaptability of physical therapy practices, showcasing the profession’s commitment to individualized patient care.

Remote and Virtual Care Billing: Recommended CPT Codes for PTs, OTs, and SLPs

In remote and virtual care services, physical therapists (PTs), occupational therapists (OTs), and speech-language pathologists (SLPs) must be equipped with the appropriate CPT codes for accurate billing. The landscape of telehealth has expanded, and selecting the right codes is essential for transparent communication and efficient reimbursement.

Understanding and implementing the recommended CPT codes becomes essential, ensuring that PTs, OTs, and SLPs can seamlessly bill for their remote and virtual care services while providing quality healthcare in the digital sphere.


A comprehensive understanding of CPT codes is crucial for physical therapists navigating the complexities of documentation, billing, and effective communication within the healthcare system. We have explored a range of commonly used CPT codes and their applications in various physical therapy interventions. As practitioners continue to play a crucial role in promoting health and mobility, mastering the language of CPT codes ensures not only accurate representation of services but also paves the way for streamlined billing processes and improved patient outcomes.

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